Solar panels collect the Sun’s energy and convert it into direct current (DC) electricity. The number of panels you need is determined by your electricity needs.
An inverter converts the electricity from DC to alternating current (AC) which is the typical type of electricity used in homes.
A bi-directional electric meter displays net power usage. When the solar system generates more electricity than you use, your meter spins backwards. When it generates some electricity but less than your are using, it spins forward, but more slowly.
You now produce your own electricity to be used throughout your home. Since there are no moving parts, your solar system is silent and virtually maintenance-free.
All excess electricity generated is, in effect, stored in the utility grid through the power lines for future use.